The coffee supply chain typically involves:
Figure 1: Coffee cherry with coffee beans
- processing in origin; this involves removal of the green beans from the coffee cherry – see Figure 1
- local purchasing
- grading and quality control in origin
- green coffee trading (by one or more traders)
Several of these functions may be combined. For instance a farmer may do his own processing and a larger farmer cooperative may do its own grading and exporting. In the case of direct purchasing by the manufacturer, the green coffee trading function is bypassed.